Oggi 21/09/2019 ore 15:51

Etna Natural Park

Born in the 1987, it is the first Sicilian Park.
In addition to the Nebrodi Natural Park is the largest protected area (approximately 59.000 ha) in Sicily.
Veduta etnaWith around 3.300 metres above the sea level, Mount Etna represents a kind of giant fire place at the heart of the Mediterranean Sea: a necessary consideration, to understand the extraordinary ecosystem that represents today the highest active volcano of Europe.
High temperature range and the succession of continuous eruption, the diversity of landscapes (from the sea to the forests to lava flows) make it a diverse habitat which fits an incredible amount of plant and animal species.
But beware: over 2.500 metres does not grow anything, except some sporadic broom.
During a trip that remains etched in memory, sitting on an outcrop of lava cooled up prematurely by the icy nights, we will contemplate, together, overlooking on the Aeolian Islands, the extraordinary fusion of water and fire, earth and air.
If we consider Etna as an active volcano that rises majestically at the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, we also understand what an extraordinary example of biodiversity represents today this natural park that was the first one to be set in Sicily. Veduta etna 2
From the sweet rolling hills to the summit crater, from the Mediterranean climate to the rigid temperatures of high altitudes, the landscape unfolds in a wide variety of fauna and vegetation that has attracted scientist and researchers from all over the world, curious, here, about how the encounter between water and earth, fire and air has given life to a list of endemics absolutely extraordinary.
The Etna Park, divided in 4 protected areas, embraces twenty municipalities in the Province of Catania, and represents, as a whole, a unique collection of environments in the Mediterranean.
The Etna has four summit craters, Bocca Nuova, Voragine, North-East Crater and South-East Crater.
On its slopes there are hundreds of cones, formed during the continuous eruptions over the millennia. The Valle del Bove is a depression that opens onto the sea on the eastern flank of the volcano, about 5 km large and 8 km long, the slope, in its steepest and highest part is 1200 m long. The origin of this depression is due to one or more landslides occurred on the flank of the volcano during explosive eruptions.
The first eruptive phase of Etna started around 300 thousand years ago, at undersea level.
The lava coming out of fractures of the seabed, being subjected to hydrostatic pressure and low temperatures, it cools up abruptly around the emission mouth giving place to the lava pillows, some of them are still visible today in Aci Castello. Lava
Among the most powerful eruptions of the history of Etna, we must remember that one of 1669: an eruptive mouth opened up in Nicolosi, at 800 m altitude, with an activity of Strombolian type that gave rise to the Red Mountains and reached and destroyed the city of Catania and then went on to pour into the Sea.
Ignoring the attempts made in 1669 by the inhabitants of Nicolosi, the first real intervention of deviation of the lava flow undertaken by the man was released by the Civil Protection Department during the eruption of 1983. Later, this type of intervention has been repeated with different modalities and with success, in occasion of the eruptions of 1992, 2001 and 2002.